Thursday, July 17, 2008

宋庆龄1943年美国国会演说全文

1943年2月18日蔣宋美齡女士 在美國參眾兩院聯席會發表演說,她是美國歷史上繼英國女王之後,第二位在國會殿堂發表演說的女性。

Mr. President, Members of the Senate of the United States, ladies, and gentlemen, I am overwhelmed by the warmth and spontaneity of the welcome of the American people, of whom you are the representatives. I did not know that I was to speak to you today at the Senate except to say,"How do you do, I am so very glad to see you,"and to bring the greetings of my people to the people of America. However, just before coming here, the Vice President told me that he wouuld like to have me say a few words to you.

議長先生,美國參議院各位議員,各位女士、先生,受到諸位所代表的美國人民熱情與真\的歡迎,令我感動莫名。我事先不知今天要在參議院發表演說,只以為要到此說聲「大家好,很高興見到各位」,並向貴國人民轉達敝國百姓的問候之意。不過,在來到此地之前,貴國副總統告訴我,他希望我和各位說幾句話。

I am not a very good extemporaneous speaker; in fact, I am no speaker at all; but I am not so very much discouraged, because a few days ago I was at Hyde Park, and went to the President's library. Something I saw there encouraged me, and made me feel that perhaps you will not expect overmuch of me in speaking to you extemporaneously. What do you think I saw there I saw many things, but the one thing which interested me most of all was that in a glass case there was the first draft of one of the President's speeches, a second draft, and on and on up to the sixth draft. Yesterday I happened to mention this fact to the President, and told him that I was extremely glad that he had to write so many drafts when he is such a well-known and acknowledgedly fine speaker. His reply to me was that sometimes he writes 12 drafts of a speech. So, my remarks here today, being extemporaneous, I am sure you will make allowances for me.

我並不擅於即席演說,事實上根本稱不上是演說家,但我不會因此怯場,因為前幾天我在海德公園參觀過總統圖書館,在那裡看見的一些東西鼓勵了我,讓我感覺各位或許不會對我的即席演說要求太多。各位知道我在那裡見到什麼嗎?我看到了許多,但最讓我感興趣的,莫過於一個放著總統先生(譯按,即羅斯福總統)演說草稿的玻璃箱,裡頭從第一份草稿、第二份草稿,一直到第六份草稿。昨天,我碰巧向總統先生提及此事,我說我很高興知道,以他如此知名又公認一流的演說家,還必須寫這麼多份草稿。他回答說,有時他一次演說得寫12份草稿。因此,今天本人在此發表的即席演說,我確信各位一定會包容。

The traditional friendship between your country and mine has a history of 160 years. I feel--and I believe that I am not the only one who feels this way--that there are a great many similarities between your people and mine, and that these similarlties are the basis of our friendship.

貴國和敝國之間有著160年悠久歷史的情誼,我覺得貴國人民和敝國百姓有許許多多的相似點,而這些相似點正是兩國情誼的基礎,我也相信不是只有我有這樣的感覺。

I should like to tell you a little story which will illustrate this belief. When General Doolittle and his men went to bomb Tokyo, on their return some of your boys had to bail out in the interior of China. One of them later told me that he had to bail out of his ship. and that when he landed on Chinese soil and saw the populace running toward him, he just waved his arm and shouted the only Chinese word he knew,"Mei-kuo, Mei-kuo," which means "America." Literally translated from the Chinese it means"Beautiful country."This boy said that our people laughed and almost hugged him, and greeted him like a long lost brother. He further told me that he thought that he had come home when he saw our people; and that was the first time he had ever been to China.(Applause.)

在此,我想說個小故事,來說明此一信念。杜立德將軍和部下一起去轟炸東京,回程時有些美國子弟兵不得不在中國內陸跳傘。其中一人後來告訴我,他被迫從飛機跳傘,踏上中國的土地時,看到當地居民跑向他,他就揮著手,喊出他會說的唯一一句中國話:「美國,美國」,也就是「美利堅」的意思,(掌聲)美國在中國話的意思是「美麗的國家」。這個大男孩說,敝國人民聽了都笑開來,擁抱他,像歡迎失散多年的兄弟一般。他還告訴我說,當他看到我們的人民,感覺他已經回到家;而那是他第一次來到中國。(掌聲)

I came to your country as a little girl. I know your people. I have lived with them. I spent the formative years of my life amongst your people. I speak your language, not only the language of your hearts, but also your tongue. So coming here today I feel that I am also coming home.(Applause)

我來到貴國時是個小女孩,我熟悉貴國人民,我和他們一起生活過。我生命中成長的歲月是和貴國人民一起度過,我說你們的話,我想的和你們一樣,說的也和你們一樣。所以今天來到這裡,我也感覺我好像回到家了。(掌聲)

I believe, however, that it is not only I who am coming home, I feel that if the Chinese people could speak to you in your own tongue, or if you could understand our tongue, they would tell you that basically and fundamentally we are fighting for the same cause (great applause); that we have identity of ideals ; that the "four freedoms," which your President proclaimed to the world, resound throughout our vast land as the gong of freedom, the gong of freedom of the United Nations, and the death knell of the aggressors. (Applause.)

不過,我相信不只是我回到家,我覺得,如果中國人民會用你們的語言與你們說話,或是你們能了解我們的語言,他們會告訴你們,根本而言,我們都在為相同的理念奮戰(如雷掌聲);我們有一致的理想;亦即貴國總統向全世界揭示的「四個自由」,自由的鐘聲、聯合國自由的鐘聲,和侵略者的喪鐘響徹我國遼闊的土地。(掌聲)

I assure you that our people are willing and eager to cooperate with you in the realization of these ideals, because we want to see to it that they do not echo as empty phrases, but become realities for ourselves, for our children, for our children's children, and for all mankind.(Applause.)

謹向各位保證,敝國人民深願亦渴望為實現這些理想和貴國合作,因為我們希望這些理想不會流於空言,而是成為我們、我們的子子孫孫、全人類的真況實境。(掌聲)

How are we going to realize these ideals I think I shall tell you a little story which just came to my mind. As you know. China is a very old nation. We have a history of 5,000 years. When we were obliged to evacuate Hankow and go into the hinterland to carry on and continue our resistance against aggression, the Generalissimo and I passed one of our fronts, the Changsha front. One day we went into the Heng-yang Mountains, where there are traces of a famous pavilion called"Rub-the-mirror"pavilion, which was built over 2,000 years ago. It will perhaps interest you to hear the story of that pavilion.

我們要如何實現這些理想 我想,我可以告訴各位一個我剛想到的小故事。各位知道,中國是一個非常古老的國家。我們有五千年歷史。我們被迫從漢口撤退,轉入大後方繼續抵抗侵略的時候,蔣委員長和我經過一處前線,就在長沙。有一天,我們上衡山,山上有一處有名的遺跡,叫「磨鏡台」,是兩千多年前的古蹟。諸位或許有興趣聽聽這古蹟的故事。

Two thousand years ago near that spot was an old Buddhist temple. One of the young monks went there, and all day long he sat crosslegged, with his hands clasped before him in an attitude of prayer, and murmured"Amita-Buddha! Amita-Buddha! Amita-Buddha!" He murmured and chanted day after day, because he hoped that he would acquire grace.

兩千年前,台址近旁有一座古老的佛寺。一名年輕和尚來此修行,他整天盤腿坐禪,雙手合十,口中喃喃念著「阿彌陀佛! 阿彌陀佛! 阿彌陀佛! 」他唱念佛號,日復一日,因為他希望成佛。

The Father Prior of that temple took a piece of brick and rubbed it against a stone hour after hour, day after day, and week after week. The little acolyte, being very young, sometimes cast his eyes around to see what the old Father Prior was doing. The old Father Prior just kept on his work of rubbing the brick against the stone. So one day the young acolyte said to him."Father Prior, what are you doing day after day rubbing this brick on the stone"The Father Prior replied, "I am trying to make a mirror out of this brick."The young acolyte said,"But it is impossible to make a mirror out of a brick, Father Prior.""Yes,"said the Father Prior,"and it is just as impossible for you yo acquire grace by doing nothing except murmur 'Amita-Buddha' all day long, day in and day out." (Applause.)

寺裡的住持於是也跟著拿一塊磚去磨一塊石頭,時時刻刻的磨,一天又一天的磨,一周又一周的磨。小和尚有時抬眼瞧瞧老和尚在做什麼。住持只是一個勁兒拿磚磨石。終於有一天,小和尚對住持說,「大師,您每天拿這塊磚磨石頭,到底為什麼呢 」住持答道:「我要用這塊磚做鏡子。」小和尚說:「可磚塊是做不成鏡子的呀,大師。」「沒錯,」住持說,「就像你成天光念阿彌陀佛,是成不了佛的。」(掌聲)

So, my friends, I feel that it is necessary for us not only to have ideals and to proclaim that we have them, it is necessary that we act to implement them. And so to you, gentlemen of the Senate, and to you ladies and gentlemen in the galleries, I say that without the active help of all of us our leader cannot implement these ideals. It is up to you and to me to take to heart the lesson of "Rub-the-mirror" pavilion.

因此,朋友們,我覺得,我們不但必須有理想,不但要昭告我們有理想,我們還必須以行動來落實理想。(掌聲)所以,我要對諸位參議員先生,以及旁聽席上的女士先生說,沒有我們大家的積極協助,我們的領袖無法落實這些理想。諸位和我都必須緊記「磨鏡台」的教訓。

I thank you. (Great applause, Senators and their guests arising.)

我謝謝大家。(全場掌聲,議員與來賓起立。)

 

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